Syria: Before & After
Syria has a rich cultural heritage built over 5,000 years. It has a deep and diverse history and its people have a reputation for kindness and tolerance. Syria’s most alluring city, Damascus, has been inhabited for over four thousand years, making it the oldest continuously inhabited settlement in the world. The ancient city holds more than 125 monuments from different periods of its history and its name comes from the ancient technique of weaving pattern onto cloth (Damask) where it was once a major centre of textile where merchants travelling on the Silk road would stop and trade in silken cloth. Located at the crossroads of several trade routes from the 2nd millennium B.C., Aleppo, Syria’s largest and most densely populated city, was ruled successively by the Hittites, Assyrians, Arabs, Mongols, Mamelukes and Ottomans. Aleppo city is one of the oldest cities of the world in which the Silk Road passes through.
Socially Syria was very stable, culturally rich and there was harmony among all social and religious components. However, Syria was a dictatorship with cited human right abuses stemming from its often brutal police state. In other words, it was a normal Middle Eastern country.
Four years of devastating drought from 2006 to 2011 turned Syria into a “dust bowl” not unlike the America of the 1930s. That drought was said to have been the worst ever recorded, but it was one in a long sequence of droughts since 2001. Politically, they triggered the civil war.
And This Is What War Looks Like